Remedios Varo

MARIA DE LOS REMEDIOS ALICIA RODRIGA VARO Y URANGA

1908-1930 Childhood and studies

1908

 Born in Anglés (Catalunia). Her mother, Ignacia Uranga, was a religious basque, her father Rodrigo Varo an open minded andalucian and hydraulic engineer who induced Remedios interest

Rodrigo Varo moved -work-related- several times through Spain and North Africa. Remedios visited religious schools and had a close relationship to her grandmother.

1917

 Madrid: Remedios reads scientific books and develops great mathematical and drawing skills.

1924

Starts her studies in the famous Academy of San Fernando in Madrid.

1930-1936 Erste Werke und Surrealismus

1930

Remedios finishes her studies and takes part in the academy’s own exhibition. She marries her collegue friend Gerardo Lizzaraga in San Sebastian . They move to Paris for a year, then toParis for a year, then to Barcelona.

1932 

 Remedios works at the advertising agency Thompson and meets the artists Jose Luis Florit, Oscar Dominguez and Esteban Francés, with whom she shares a studio.

Separation from Gerardo Lizarraga, with whom she maintains a close friendship.

The GROUP ADLAN (Amics de l’Art Nou) is founded in Barcelona.
(Foto: Remedios Varo und José Luis Florit)
(Composición-1935)

1935

 Remedios exhibits in Madrid together with Florit.

1936-1941 Spanischer Bürgerkrieg und Zweiter Weltkrieg

1936

Exhibition of the Logicofobists, precursors of surrealism in Barcelona. The three works that Remedios exhibited are untraceable. She draws “L’Agent double” and meets Benjamin Péret, who is fighting for the anti-Francist movement.

(Foto: Remedios und Benjamin Peret in México - 1941)

1937

She moves back to Paris with Péret and comes into the close circle of André Breton, meets Max Ernst, Victor Brauner, Joan Miro, Wolfgang Paalen and Leonora Carrington. Tokyo: Remedios participates in the international Exhibition of Surrealism. Her work “Le desir” is printed in the French surrealist magazine Minotaure.

1938

Her work appear in the magazines Trajectoire du Reve and Vissage du Monde. She participates in the International Exhibition of Surrealism in Paris and Amsterdam. The pictures “Titeres vegetales” and “Las Almas de los Montes” date from this time.

1939-1940

 Remedios is imprisoned, possibly because she hides a French deserter. Hitler’s troops occupied Paris. Remedios and Péret flee to Marseille and Varian Fry allows them to flee to America.

1940-1948 Exil Mexiko

1940

Mexico City: Remedios meets the surrealists of Paris and builts a friendship with Kati and Jose Horna, Leonora Carrington, Chiki Weisz, Eva Sulzer and others. Wolfgang Paalen and Cesar Moro present their painting “Recuerdos de la Valkiria” in the International Exhibition of Surrealism.

1942

Remedios recovers from the impressions of the escape from Europe, Mexico becomes her new home and she is interested in the art of the country but does not incorporate it into her work.

1943-1944

Remedios is interested in the teaching of the mysticGeorges I. Gurdjieff and Eva Sulzer joins the group.

1947

Separation from Péret, who returns to Paris.

Venezuela und Fa.Bayer

Remedios starts a research trip with a French delegation to Venezuela, where she also meets her mother and brother Rodrigo.
Remedios works on microscopic studies of insects which she draws for a health campaign and for Bayer-Mexico.

Remedios Varo signs her works “Uranga”. She needs money to return to Mexico and searchs for Gold with Jean Nicole in the Orinoco River.

1949 Rückkehr nach Mexiko

Remedios raises money and returns, but continues to work for companies for a living.

1952-1963 Walter Grün und Remedios eigener Stil

1952

Walter Grün offers Remedios a peaceful and stable home and financial security, so she can develop freely her own style. In her work, Remedios combines nature, science, mysticism and fantasy.

1955-56

First collective exhibition with her own work becomes a success and Remedios receives assignments. Among her admirers are Edward James, Ignacio Chavez, Alfonso Reyes and Carlos Prieto

1958

Travels to Europe and realizes that Mexico is the country where she belongs to. This year she will receive the first prize “Plástica Femenina” of the Gallery Excelsior.

1960

Remedios is succsessful in the Second Interamerican Biennial in Mexico. With her inseparable friend Leonora Carrington, she delves deeper into the mysticism and mysteries of the cosmos.

1962

All her works are sold in her second and last exhibition, including her “Triptikum”.

1963 

After her last work “Naturaleza Muerta resucitando”, Remedios wants to unite the cosmos, nature and man in “Musica del Bosque”. Unfortunately, she can’t finish this painting. Remedios died of a heart attack on October 8th, 1963.

1963 

Her pictures trigger positive reactions in the spectator. Maybe because they include a world which everyone can relate.